All this, of course, is directly contradicted by Testimony--as are most of the Shostakovich quotations here and the Sollertinskys' fatuous portrait of ""a man who never acted against his own conscience. But one that simply ignores them and is itself shallow and dull is virtually worthless except as source material for the most knowingly selective scholars--or as an object of study for analysts of current Soviet musico-political party lines. There was a problem adding your email address. Please try again.
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The Nose was premiered in Leningrad on January 12, , with considerable popular acclaim, but was attacked by officious theater critics as a product of "bourgeois decadence," and quickly withdrawn from the stage.
Shostakovich: The composer who was almost purged
Somewhat in the same satirical style was his ballet The Golden Age , which included a celebrated dissonant Polka, satirizing the current disarmament conference in Geneva. Despite its explicit revolutionary content, it failed to earn the approbation of Soviet spokesmen, who dismissed the work as nothing more than a formal gesture of proletarian solidarity. Dmitri Shostakovich's next work was to precipitate a crisis in his career, as well as in Soviet music in general; it was an opera to the libretto drawn from a short story by the 19 th -century Russian writer Leskov, entitled Lady Macbeth of the District of Mtsensk , and depicting adultery, murder, and suicide in a merchant home under the czars.
It was premiered in Leningrad on January 22, , and was hailed by most Soviet musicians as a significant work comparable to the best productions of Western modem opera. But both the staging and the music ran counter to growing Soviet puritanism; a symphonic interlude portmying a scene of adultery behind the bedroom curtain, orchestrated with suggestive passages on the slide trombones, shocked the Soviet officials present at the performance by its bold naturalism. After the Moscow production of the opera, Pravda , the official organ of the Communist party, publ.
In this work he tempered his dissonant idiom, and the subject seemed eminently fitting for the Soviet theater; but it, too, was condemned in Pravda , this time for an insufficiently dignified treatment of Soviet life. Having been rebuked twice for 2 radically different theater works, Dmitri Shostakovich abandoned all attempts to write for the stage, and returned to purely instrumental composition.
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But as though pursued by vengeful fate, he again suffered a painful reverse. His 4 th Symphony was placed in rehearsal by the Leningrad Phil.
- Dmitri Shostakovich - Wikipedia.
- Testimony (book) - Wikipedia.
- Shostakovich: A Life - Laurel E. Fay - Google книги.
- Shostakovich: Symphony No. 5.
- Unauthorized | The New Yorker.
Shostakovich's rehabilitation finally came with the production of his 5 th Symphony Leningrad, November 21, , a work of rhapsodic grandeur, culminating in a powerful climax; it was hailed, as though by spontaneous consensus, as a model of true Soviet art, classical in formal design, lucid in its harmonic idiom, and optimistic in its philosophical connotations.
The height of his rise to recognition was achieved in his 7 th Symphony He began its composition during the siege of Leningrad by the Nazis in the autumn of ; he served in the fire brigade during the air raids; then flew from Leningrad to the temporary Soviet capital in Kuibishev, on the Volga, where he completed the score, which was premiered there on March 1, Its symphonic development is realistic in the extreme, with the theme of the Nazis, in mechanical march time, rising to monstrous loudness, only to be overcome and reduced to a pathetic drum dribble by a victorious Russian song.
The work became a musical symbol of the Russian struggle against the overwhelmingly superior Nazi war machine; it was given the subtitle Leningrad Symphony , and was performed during World War II by virtually every orchestra in the Allied countries. Three members of the orchestra died of starvation before the premiere even took place.
The year-old conductor had travelled to London from his home in St Petersburg for a screening of the documentary. I had a feeling that he was standing right beside me. I was nervous about making mistakes, getting the emotions wrong. He was right to be nervous because his father, who died in , was a notoriously hard composer for conductors to please. Even the Italian great, Arturo Toscanini, fell short of his expectations. The spirit and the character and the tempos.
Unlike his shortsighted and fragile-looking father, Maxim is a bearded bear of a man.
Music under Soviet rule: Shostakovichiana
For many nights afterwards I would cry myself to sleep because I kept hearing the sound of the snare drum that grows and grows in volume in the first movement. It made a huge impression.
Maxim Shostakovich explains how the Seventh came to be performed in London and New York before its premiere in Leningrad. Because it was so long, timed at 78 and a half minutes in rehearsals, the unprecedented decision was taken to drop the chimes of Big Ben at 9pm, if necessary. As it was, the performance ended four minutes before the chimes.